Soon to be mums, take a note! Consumption of obesity-causing high fat and sugar diet during pregnancy phase can have adverse effects on the growth of the foetus, warns a new international study.
The research, conducted by a team of scientists from the University of Cambridge has revealed that soon-to-be-mothers, who often eat sugar-rich diet and obesity-causing foods during pregnancy are at higher risks of developing metabolic mutilation, which eventually may have an unfavourable effect on the growth and development of the foetus.
“We all know that fatness is a high-risk factor for causing health complications for soon to be mothers and babies as well, both during and post pregnancy periods,” said the lead author of the study, Amanda Sferruzzi-Perri from the University of Cambridge. ‘But our study is the first one to provide insights into how the diet of the mother can affect the development of the foetus in mother’s womb. The higher than recommended consumption of obesity and sugar exacerbates can also influence the growth of the foetus.”
As suggested by the study, published in the Journal of Physiology, the excessive consumption of obesity causing and rich in sugar diet during pregnancy can cause distort of metabolic changes in the mother, which occur naturally as a consequence of the pregnancy, so that the mother can adequately provide nutrients to the foetus. The study also reveals that the mechanisms, functioning during pregnancy also be responsible for this. The study appeared in the Journal of Physiology over this weekend also explains the reason behind why babies, born from mothers who are fat or eat obesogenic diets during pregnancy are more likely to develop critical health conditions like obesity, hypertension and Type-2 diabetes during their adult days.
For the study, the research team took some pregnant mice into account and fed them a diet that contained high amounts of overweight and sugar. After feeding them the obesity-causing foods, the researchers evaluated the impacts of this on both the level of metabolism of the mice and their body fat levels. After going through a complete investigation, the researchers found that the diet, rich with sugar and obesity-causing ingredients conciliated the level of glucose forbearance and sensitivity to insulin among mothers – the hormone that manages blood sugar levels.
Researchers also found that the obesity-causing diet resulted in poor metabolic control among mothers, just previous to the delivery, and this made them more vulnerable to health issues like Type 2 diabetes and cardiac problems. In addition to these, the diet also found to compromise the stream of nutrients to the foetus, changing its development and metabolism at the critical stage of growth.